There are several reasons why one testicle may be bigger. Outlook It is entirely normal for one testicle to be bigger than the other. How to do a self testicular exam see diagram examples 1. Causes It is common for one testicle to be bigger than the other without a serious cause. It may occur after a person catches the mumps virus. See a doctor if the following symptoms are present:
A hydrocele A hydrocele refers to a sac that forms around the testicles and fills with fluid. See a doctor if the following symptoms are present: Most testicular cancers are found by men themselves or their partner, very few are found by a physician. Keep in mind that not all lumps or irregularities are cancerous, however, only a doctor can make that determination. We discuss complications, treatments, and explain how to perform a testicular exam at home. Testicular torsion is severe and should be treated as an emergency. Many men with testicular cancer do not feel ill and many times there is no pain involved. Do the same with the other testicle. They are firm, smooth tubes. While it usually does not require treatment, a hydrocele can indicate inflammation, in which case a person should see a doctor. Self-testicular exams allow you to become familiar with your testicles thus making it easier to notice any changes. Don't be alarmed if one testicle seems slightly larger than the other, that's normal. Approximately 1 in men will be diagnosed with testicular cancer. Certain conditions such as undescended testicle s , abnormal testicular development and a family history of testicular cancer may increase the odds of developing testicular cancer. Find the epididymis, a soft rope-like structure on the back of the testicle. Many people find that the right testicle is slightly larger and the left hangs lower. They may also form while the epididymis is developing. Feel the epididymis, a sausage-shaped lump at the top and back of each testicle. According to the American Cancer Society, testicular cancer is uncommon, developing in about 1 in males. A varicocele When the veins within the scrotum become enlarged, this is called a varicocele. Hold a testicle between the thumb and fingers, with your thumb on top and first and second fingers underneath. A difference in size is usually nothing to worry about, though it can occasionally indicate a problem. Epididymal cyst A cyst is a thin sac filled with fluid. The twisting of the cord can reduce or block blood flow to the testicle, and without treatment the testicle may need to be removed. The warmth relaxes the scrotum making the exam easier.
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